Welcome to the Women’s and Pediatrics Webpage! We are so glad that you are here, and we hope these resources will help you in the area you are searching for!
Pregnancy: Being a mom can be a challenge, but so can the months leading up to your baby’s birth! Here are some common issues you may face during pregnancy, and this a quick reference of the medications that are safe for both you and baby.
- Headache: Relaxation, regular sleeping schedule, regular eating schedule, ice packs, and pressure applied to the head all may help. If medication is needed, Acetaminophen is the only pain reliever that can be used. Watch out for “Tylenol” and make sure the only ingredient in it is acetaminophen!
- Runny Nose: Avoid pet dander, dust and try vacuuming in common areas frequently. Claritin (Loratadine) is our first choice option. This is also our first choice in breastfeeding. Zyrtec (Cetirizine) would be a second choice.
- Congestion: Hydration, humidifiers, saline nasal sprays, Vicks nasal strips, Neti Pot, and sleeping with your head raised may all help with congestion. Start with the nasal saline or the Neti Pot, but if neither of these work, Oxymetazoline is OK to use in severe cases and should be limited to 3 days of use. Oxymetazoline is usually found in Afrin nasal spray, Vicks nasal spray, Zicam nasal gel.
- Back Pain: Tylenol ONLY with Acetaminophen is really our only option here.
- Chest Cough: Adequate rest and nutrition, non-medicated lozenges or peppermints, decaffeinated tea, humidifiers, and sleeping with the head raised may help. Mucinex (Guaifenesin) and Robitussin Cough + Chest Congestion DM (Dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin) are both OK to take.
- Dry Cough: One or two cough drops a day or Delsym 12 HR (dextromethorphan) are both good choices. Watch out for Nyquil or any similar product that may contain alcohol! Read, read, read! The front of the bottle will tell you whether it is alcohol free or not.
- Cold: Vitamin C (Airborne), Zinc lozenges, or tea with lemon and honey are all good options. If you buy your tea in the herbal section, make sure that it doesn’t contain any herbals besides ginger because this is the only one OK in pregnancy.
- Heartburn: Avoid spicy foods and large meals. Eat smaller, more frequent meals. Elevate the head when sleeping. Tums (Calcium Carbonate) is our best choice.
- Morning Sickness: Eat bland foods and avoid spicy, fatty, or foods with strong odors. Snack on salty crackers or pretzels. Take frequent naps. Vitamin B6 + Doxylamine and ginger are both OK if the non-drug options aren’t helping.
- Constipation: Increase fluid intake, increase dietary fiber (fresh fruit, vegetables, whole grain bread), exercise daily, and establish good bowel habits (avoid straining). Metamucil (Psyllium seed), Methylcellulose (Citrucel), and Calcium polycarbophils (Fibercon) are our best choices. These agents do take 2-3 days to work though, so if you need immediate relief you should use Miralax (PEG). Colace (Docusate sodium) is also an OK option.
- Diarrhea: Fluids and electrolyte replacement (Water, pedialyte) are very important. Avoid spicy, fatty, sugary, and dairy foods. Try the BRAT diet: bananas, rice, applesauce, and toast. As far as medication goes, there really isn’t a safe choice in pregnancy, so we have to stick to the fluids and bland diet.
Sun Safety: Summer is a fun season full of activities spent outdoors in the sun. However, the sun can also be dangerous. Harmful UVA and UVB rays from the sun can damage our skin and cause sun burns . These harmful rays even have the potential to cause skin cancer. Here are some sun safety tips to protect yourself and your children from the sun!
1. Use Sunscreen:
- Choose a sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection. The only sunscreens with UVA protection contain Zinc Oxide, Titanium Dioxide, or Avobenzone. These are called Broad Spectrum sunscreens.
- Choose a sunscreen with a SPF (Sun Protection Factor) of 30 or greater
- Apply sunscreen 15-30 minutes before sun exposure
- Apply about 1 fluid ounce (~30 mL or ~6 teaspoons) total: apply 1/2 teaspoon to your face and neck, ½ teaspoon to each side of your arms and shoulder, 1/2 teaspoon to the front and the back of your torso, and 1 teaspoon to each side of your legs and the top of your feel
- Do not forget to apply sunscreen to these areas that are often forgotten: around the eyes, on the ears, around the mouth, on the area between the nose and lips, at the hairline, on the nose, and on the neck (back and front).
- Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours.
- Also reapply sunscreen immediately after sweating, toweling off, or swimming.
2. Other ways to be protected from the sun:
- Wear a 4 inch brimmed hat
- Wear long pants/ long-sleeved shirts
- Wear tightly woven fabrics
- Wear light colors
- Wear Sunglasses with UVA and UVB protection
- Use a sun umbrella
- Avoid being outdoors between 10 AM- 2 PM
- Wear sun protective clothing (“swim shirts” or “rash guards”). The best sun protective clothing will have an UPF (Ultraviolet Protective Rating) of 40 or greater.
Reference: Chow, Jennifer. “Sun-Induced Skin Disorders.” UTCOP. Memphis, TN. 24 March 2014. Self-Care and Nonprescription Drugs Course Lecture.
Osteoporosis: This disease is usually something women don’t think about until they are postmenopausal, but it is something we can start preventing at a very young age!
- Calcium, protein, and vitamin D are three things we can obtain from our diet to help our bones from not breaking down as we age. Foods such as dairy, like milk and cheese, and green vegetables, like spinach and broccoli, are very beneficial. It is also important to limit diuretics, like coffee and tea to only one or two drinks a day. If you are unable to eat things like this, you can always choose a once a day women’s supplement.
- Exercise is also not only good for our overall health, but it also helps strengthen our bones too! Weight-bearing exercises are going to give us the most benefit. This includes things like swimming and shoulder presses (where you lift a weight straight up from behind your back to over your head.)
- Other things that may affect your bone strength include smoking, being overweight, and taking steroids on a regular basis, such as prednisone, cortisone, progesterone, or estrogen. As we age, our risks of bone fractures increases, and if we have a parent that has had a hip fracture, we are at a higher risk.
- Interested in what your bone fracture risk level is? Check out: http://www.shef.ac.uk/FRAX/tool.jsp
Poison Prevention: Here are a few tips on how to protect your children from potential poisons… They can be anywhere!
- Poison Prevention Storage Tips: Store medicine in their original containers. Lock medicines and cleaning supplies where children cannot see or reach them. Use child-resistant packaging, and replace the caps tightly. Store cleaning products away from food and medicine. Keep purses and briefcases out of children’s reach.
- Poison Prevention from Medicine: Read the label before taking or giving medicine. Use medicine only as directed by your doctor or the label. Call medicine by its proper name, not “candy.” Take your own medicine where children aren’t watching, because children learn by imitating their parents.
- General Tips: When answering the phone or the door, take open products (or your children!) with you. Put the poison center number in your phone or on your fridge. Be sure that every home where your child spends time is poison-proofed. While most homes no longer have lead paint, it is still important to keep your child away from chipping paint. Lastly, remember that its not just medications or cleaning supplies that can be a poison. Some common household products that can be hazardous include artificial nail remover, detergents, perfume, mouthwash, paint, alcohol, cigarettes, office supplies, and vitamins not intended for children.
- If you ever need immediate help you can find the poison center number here: http://www.poison.org/